Read Timon of Athens by William Shakespeare Paul Werstine Online


FOLGER SHAKESPEARE LIBRARY Each edition includes: Freshly edited text based on the best early printed version of the play Full explanatory notes conveniently placed on pages facing the text of the play Scene-by-scene plot summaries A key to famous lines and phrases An introduction to reading Shakespeare's language An essay by a leading Shakespeare scholar providing a moderFOLGER SHAKESPEARE LIBRARYEach edition includes:Freshly edited text based on the best early printed version of the play Full explanatory notes conveniently placed on pages facing the text of the play Scene-by-scene plot summaries A key to famous lines and phrases An introduction to reading Shakespeare's language An essay by a leading Shakespeare scholar providing a modern perspective on the play Illustrations from the Folger Shakespeare Library's vast holdings of rare books...

Title : Timon of Athens
Author :
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ISBN : 9780671479558
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 304 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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Timon of Athens Reviews

  • BillKerwin
    2019-04-24 00:54

    This time I liked Timon less than the two other times I have read it. Much of it is probably not even by Shakespeare. and--although Middleton does his professional best to keep the first few acts chugging along--most of it lacks the spark of genius. There are moments in Timon's rants that are characteristically Shakespearean, memorable not only for their poetic intensity but also for the savagery of their vitriol, but they are not enough to save this cynical pageant (no, it is nothing close to a tragedy!) of a man of extremes who passes from gullibility to misanthrope without any discernible struggle or anagnorisis. Sure, it sounds a little like Lear . . . but Lear--trust me!--it ain't.

  • Justin Tate
    2019-04-06 20:28

    This is Shakespeare’s best kept secret. After reading Coriolanus and watching the incredible movie I began to wonder what other masterpieces hid in Shakespeare’s complete works. Now that I’ve read them all, I feel safe saying that Timon of Athens is my favorite of all the generally undiscussed plays. The conflict is timeless, the pages and pages of insults are hilarious, and the characters are all peak Will in my opinion. If you like Shakespeare even a little, you got to read Timon.

  • Bradley
    2019-04-18 22:39

    Of all his plays, this is probably the most maligned, it being perhaps a collaboration with Middleton, but any way you look at it, it is a striking piece.The simple plot gives way to wild passions and simple fortunes and some of the broadest brush strokes I've ever seen. It's also as stark as death.From great fortune and flatterers surrounding him, Timon is the absolute Good Man who gives away all his fortune to hear the praise of assholes. When he loses it all and asks for help from all his so called friends, they spit in his eye. He goes mad, hating all mankind and goes to live as the basest beggar, wildly exhorting all comers to do evil upon everyone else, to break and spite and die.Finding fortune under his feet, even as he's digging tubers to eat, serves him nothing at all. He hates, and gives away his wealth to old friends who happened upon him, to whores, thieves, and lickspittles, all to just get rid of them. The bile from Timon's mouth is pretty awesome. The man has gone from pure goodness to pure rageful spite overnight, and one thing that most readers or viewers of this play might discover is that there is no third act. Its message is as plain and stark as day, even if some of the secondary characters make interesting counterpoints, such as in not wanting so as to not to welcome either happiness or grief, or the last note in the music, where compromise and peace has got to be a better note to go out on than Timon's.For when he dies, he dies hating all humanity, and there is no quarter, no justice, and only abject nihilism. Of course people aren't going to like this play. :)BUT.If you're of a certain twisted temperament and like a twisted tale that defies expectations, such as an esoteric bad horror fan or a devotee of Samuel Beckett, then you might just discover that this little jewel might fit in your dark-hearted crown, or at least in a shit-stain'd seat of honor.'Tis dark. Very dark. Expect no light or quarter. :)

  • Darwin8u
    2019-04-23 17:51

    “Here lies a wretched corse, of wretched soul bereft:Seek not my name: a plague consume you wicked caitiffs left!Here lie I, Timon; who, alive, all living men did hate:Pass by and curse thy fill, but pass and stay not here thy gait.” ― William Shakespeare, Timon of AthensA pretty straightforward problem play. Rich man gives away all his money and misjudges friends. Becomes a misanthrope. Finds a fortune and tries to destroy Athens. Some good, even great lines, but judged against Shakespeare's best (or hell, just judged by the books on either side) it doesn't quite seem upto par. I do think, however, it is under performed. Timon is a great character. The later Timon reminds me a bit of the Merchant of Venice. Sometimes, when I am in the right mood, Shakespeare's nihilistic plays (problem plays) seem to hit the right spot. When, however, I am feeling a bit better, they do seem a bit too dark and overly pessimistic about the human condition. This play is one of the least of his problem plays. It is dark, but just not the highest quality of pessimism. Spotty. Some of the best lines:― “Who lives that's not depraved or depraves?Who dies, that bears not one spurn to their gravesOf their friends' gift?I should fear those that dance before me nowWould one day stamp upon me: 't has been done;Men shut their doors against a setting sun.” (Act 1, Scene 2).― "O my good lord, the world is but a word: Were it all yours to give it in a breath, How quickly were it gone!” (Act 2, Scene 2). ― “Men must learn now with pity to dispense; For policy sits above conscience.” (Act 3, Scene 2).― "Look thee, 'tis so! Thou singly honest man,Here, take: the gods out of my miseryHave sent thee treasure. Go, live rich and happy;But thus condition'd: thou shalt build from men;Hate all, curse all, show charity to none,But let the famish'd flesh slide from the bone,Ere thou relieve the beggar; give to dogsWhat thou deny'st to men; let prisons swallow 'em,Debts wither 'em to nothing; be men likeblasted woods,And may diseases lick up their false bloods!And so farewell and thrive." (Act 4, Scene 3).― "Would thou wert clean enough to spit upon!” (Act 4, Scene 3). ― "I’ll beat thee, but I should infect my hands.” (Act 4, Scene 3). ― "As the moon does, by wanting light to give:But then renew I could not, like the moon;There were no suns to borrow of.” (Act 4, Scene 3).

  • Melora
    2019-04-12 01:45

    Wow. Okay, that was just awful. Gives King Edward IIIserious competition in the race to the bottom. It's like someone said to Shakespeare, “Bet you can't make a more unlikeable protagonist than Titus Andronicus,” and Shakespeare said, “Oh yeah?”Timon has the good luck to be born to wealth and position in Athens, and manages to blow through absolutely all of his money by endlessly playing the “Lord Bountiful,” ignoring the protests of his more sensible steward, glorying in the flattery and sycophantic sucking up of toadies. Where he might be sympathetic as an “excessively compassionate” sort if he gave away all his money to people in real need, Timon's generosity seems to be directed mostly at comfortably well-off friends. He hauls out his jewel chest at parties, ostentatiously handing out gems as party favors, and, remembering that a friend admired the horse he was riding recently, announces “'Tis yours, because you lik'd it.” He's maybe a step away from lighting his cigars with $100 bills. Until the funds are all gone. And, shocker, his buddies no longer care about him. Who, in the noble Timon's estimation, is to blame for his downfall? Himself, perhaps, and his own reckless irresponsibility? His friends, who enjoyed his largesse but don't want to help him when he's in trouble? Nope. ALL MANKIND. That's who's to blame. All the women, maidens, toddlers, infants, slaves, old men, etc. of Athens. ”Spare not the babe, whose dimpled smiles from fools exhaust their mercy; think it a bastard, whom the oracle hath doubtfully pronounc'd the throat shall cut, and mince it sans remorse. Swear against objects, put armor on thine ears and on thine eyes, whose proof nor yells of mothers, maids, nor babes, nor sight of priests in holy vestments bleeding, shall pierce a jot.”There are a few amusing exchanges, and Timon's steward is a lovely, devoted fellow who does his level best, but his master is an idiot and a jerk. This is a relatively short play, but it sure felt like it went on forever.

  • Robert
    2019-03-29 17:30

    I really read this here: Shakespeare's least popular play, written in collaboration with Thomas Middleton who wrote at least the whole of Act 3. Timon is astonishingly one-dimensional both as a play and a character who falling from power through naive and extreme generosity, turns into an extreme exemplar of misanthropy when he finds his friends faithless. It's like Lear raging against his fate but for two acts...the passion and vitriol is magnificently expounded but it does pall after a while. It's also a surprising contrast to the famously complex characterisation found in Shakespeare's major Tragedies. The plot is also exceedingly simplistic, even more so than a lot of the shenanigans of the Comedies.Middleton's contributions, whilst not reaching the heights of Shakespeare's are nevertheless not bad in any way. Reading Shakespeare's collaborative plays is teaching me that many of his contemporaries, whether rivals or colleagues, were very able dramatists and worth pursuing on their own merits. Jonson is widely considered closest in stature to Shakespeare but Middleton is the collaborator/adaptor of MacBeth, which is many people's favourite "Shakespeare" play and his passages here stand up pretty well, too. I am, therefore, looking forward to tackling Thomas Middleton: The Collected Works (which cost a fortune but was a very well received gift.)This feels in some ways like very early Shakespeare and it is therefore surprising to find it is supposed to have been written between the Quarto Lear and MacBeth. Some believe that the misanthropic tone professed by Timon, along with the already noted similarity to Lear's raging, are indicative of some kind of crisis in Shakespeare's life during this period that left him feeling exceedingly negative about human nature - if so, it might also explain why the late comedies are "darker" in tone, too.I find myself in agreement with the critics who say Timon is great poetry but not great drama and that most audiences will little appreciate it because they will not be in sympathy with its mood.

  • Jim
    2019-03-29 01:38

    Even in William Shakespeare's minor plays can the reader descry a certain magnificence, accompanied by a glory of language that no writer today can match. The Arden edition I read was almost as insistent in its footnotes as one of the Variorum editions of the Bard, but past the first scenes, the main text carried me along; and I did not have to refer to the copious footnotes unless I ran into too strange a usage.Timon of Athens - Arden Shakespeare is a rather simple story which can be summarized in a single sentence: A wealthy patron gives his all, but imprudently donates himself into dire poverty, and finding himself unable to borrow from the friends he has enriched, becomes a misanthrope in the wilds.But there are three characters who make Timon of Athens more than a straight up-and-down tragedy in a minor key. First there is Alcibiades, who while not a beneficiary of Timon's generosity, is a true friend. Then there is the philosopher Apemantus, who mocked Timon while he was wealthy, and now mocks him when he is a hermit. Finally, there is Timon's honest steward, whose goodness runs contrary to most of the other characters, even Alcibiades and Apemantus.Then there is the language:Live loath'd, and long,Most smiling, smooth, detested parasites,Courteous destroyers, affable wolves, meek bears,You fools of fortune, trencher-friends, time's flies,Cap-and-knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks!Of man and beast the infinite maladyCrust you quite o'er!And then again:Come not to me again; but say to Athens,Timon has made his everlasting mansionUpon the beached verge of the salt flood,Who once a day with his embossed frothThe turbulent surge shall cover.Perhaps this is not Hamlet or Lear or Macbeth, but it is nonetheless truly wondrous.

  • Brian
    2019-04-01 20:27

    “I am sick of this false world.”“Timon of Athens” is clearly a lesser work of Shakespeare’s, but it is not the horrid play that some say it is. I gave "Timon of Athens" a 3 star rating compared to other Shakespeare, not to literature as a whole. The Bard is in a class of his own.Essentially the plot is that Timon is lavish and generous with his wealth, and when he loses it he finds out that he is surrounded by false friends and he descends into pure loathing for humanity and never recovers from those feelings.There really are some excellent moments in this piece, and at times, I found the writing to be stellar. Timon gives a speech in Act 1:2 about friendship that is simply beautiful. The dramatic irony for the reader that he is saying this about people who will never exemplify the virtues of friendship gives it even more power. Act 4:2 contains a touching scene of loyalty and kindness. Flavius (Timon’s steward) is such a decent fellow (again this contrast made even more apparent by false friends) and when the play bogs down in nihilism moments like these will keep you from becoming too depressed. This text also boats the character of Apemantus, one of the funniest cynical philosophers that Shakespeare ever created. A fun character to see a talented actor play.Then we get to Act 4:3, one of the most resentful in all of Shakespeare, and a long scene to boot. Timon (now broke and friendless) rages at the world and its inhabitants. The scene begins and ends in deep bitterness. Timon’s hatred for humanity will depress the reader a little. The scene also contains a long exchange of insults between Timon and Apemantus that would be fun to watch/listen too, but overall it does not lift the mood of the scene.“Timon of Athens” is a good play up until the end of Act 4:3, but after that, it stumbles. Act 5 is confusing, boring, dominated by less than secondary characters and one of the most unsatisfying conclusions in all of Shakespeare.Lovers of Shakespeare should know this piece. Some may like it, as I do. But I can understand why you wouldn’t’.As for the Pelican Shakespeare series, they are my favorite editions since the scholarly research is usually top notch and the editions themselves look good as an aesthetic unit. It looks and feels like a play and this compliments the text's contents admirably. The Pelican series was recently reedited and has the latest scholarship on Shakespeare and his time period. Well priced and well worth it.

  • Metin Yılmaz
    2019-03-29 00:30

    İnsanların riyakarlığının doğurduğu sonuçlar güzel güzel işlenmiş üstadın üslübu ile. Sonrası iyi de olsa kötü de olsa bir hayat daha yitip gitmiş yalanları ile insanların.

  • Bruce
    2019-04-21 19:42

    Timon of Athens seems not to have been staged during Shakespeare’s lifetime. Some have claimed that it was never completed, and others have viewed it as the collaborative effort of Shakespeare and Thomas Middleton. It has sometimes been viewed as a weak play with cardboard characters, but it is probably increasingly relevant to our own day, our own culture. It is the story of philanthropy and misanthropy, of patronage and ingratitude, of wealth and poverty.The plot is easily told. Timon is a rich man, a patron and philanthropist, who lives beyond his means and eventually is called upon by his creditors to pay the piper. Turning to those whom he has helped to in turn help him, he experiences nothing but excuses and rejection. Enraged, he leaves his friends and his city, Athens, becomes an impoverished and bitter hermit, and dies alone. There are four major characters in the play, the remainder of the large cast being faceless caricatures whose roles are to be greedy and accepting when Timon has something to give, harsh and rejecting when he needs their help. In addition to Timon himself, characters of importance are Flavius, his steward, loyal to and caring for him to the end, never bitter despite Timon’s continual rejection of his advice when the latter dissipated his wealth in unwise giving; Apemantus the Cynic, friend to and critic of Timon, a grouchy and warning voice throughout the play, the philosopher who sees the venality and hypocrisy of the mob and the foolishness of Timon; and Alcibiades, another hater of the Athenians but for different reasons – they have unjustly condemned to death one of his friends – a figure who is sympathetic toward Timon and also attacks Athens, at the end having mercy upon the citizenry. It is Alcibiades who has the final words of the play. Except for a few whores, there are no women in this play, no love subplot. The narrative is linear, straightforward, almost allegorical. There are parallels to the Book of Job, although these should not be overemphasized. The story itself comes from Plutarch’s Lives.Timon’s persona during the play’s first half is almost too stereotyped, although this might be said of the play’s second half as well. Yes, he is altruistic and benevolent, but one senses his enjoyment of his patronizing role. He certainly assumes that his good works entitle him to the gratitude and assistance of those he has benefited. And his profligacy and failure to use his wealth wisely are not admirable. During the second half his bitterness and rage are unrelieved, putting him beyond the capacity for looking at life and fate rationally. Timon’s longer speeches are powerful and moving, bordering as they do at times on rant.The play raises interesting contemporary issues, as mentioned above, and staged creatively it cannot help but lead the viewer to reflect upon current society and economics as well as trans-historical human characteristics.

  • Kailey (BooksforMKs)
    2019-04-25 00:29

    This is the story of Timon, a wealthy landowner in Athens, who gives away all his wealth to his friends, throwing parties, and supporting artists and politicians. When debt collectors begin to harass him, Timon applies to his friends for help, but they make up excuses and no one will loan him the money he needs. He becomes a misanthrope, and forsakes his life, his city, and his so-called friends, for a destitute life in the wilderness.What a cheerful play! Everyone happy and cheerful and kind! Ha ha! Just kidding. This is quite a depressing tragedy, with no glimmer of happiness anywhere in it. In the beginning Timon is fooled by his so-called friends' flattering words, and in the end Timon loses all faith in mankind, and hates everyone. He's a very dumb character. Despite repeated warnings from his faithful steward that he was losing his fortune, he continues to spend more than he has, wasting his money on people who don't really care about him, and not even bothering to keep track of his resources, his finances, or any of his business affairs. He deserved to lose his fortune, since he managed it so very badly. I have no pity for such idiocy. He didn't even try to be frugal, or even be aware of his own financial circumstances. He's just an irresponsible party boy who went off into the wilderness to pout when he lost his fortune.The best part of this play is the riotous insulting matches that happened between several of the misanthropic characters, each vying to see who can insult the other, and inflict the most verbal damage. Some of Shakespeare's best insults can be found in this play!

  • Carol
    2019-04-22 21:50

    So unpleasant is Timon of Athens that it is hard to read. So obscure, that only serious students of Shakespeare take it up. So thick with monologues and soliloquies, that the memorization requisite to stage this play is staggering.Timon is a noble Athenian, who throws extravagant parties and gives indiscriminately. We all know one who thrives on large gestures, who bolster their self-esteem by picking up the tab. Timon is all the rage.Flavius, Timon's steward, heroically tries to staunch the flow; when he warns his master, he is told Come, sermon me no further. [I love that line!] Eventually his assets are depleted, demanding debts are left, the result of Timon's flinging favors here and there. No problem, says a relaxed Timon. I am wealthy in my friends. The only comedic part of the play are the phony responses of his 'friends' who recently received profligate gifts. Asked for a small return, one by one, they develop creative excuses to regretfully decline. One of the servants muses, I know my lord hath spent of Timon's wealth, And now ingratitude makes it worse than stealth.Reduced to extreme poverty, the cynical Timon retreats to a cave and digs for roots. Various characters visit him, and he spews forth his hatred. I am misanthropos, and hate mankind. Timon is all the rage.The same week that I read Timon of Athens I read the book of Job. It was an interesting juxtaposition.

  • Núria
    2019-04-01 17:32

    Seguro que ésta no es una de las mejores obras de Shakespeare. Casi parece hecha de forma algo chapucera, porque hay varias incoherencias y algunas líneas argumentales que no se cierran o ni siquiera se explican. Pero aún así es una obra maja que nos cuenta que cuando las cosas nos van bien tenemos muchos amigos, pero que es cuando las cosas nos van mal que descubrimos quién son nuestros verdaderos amigos. En cierto modo es casi como un cuento moral, pero sin moralismo. Timón es un ricachón que no es que sea generoso es que es un derrochador. Lo de dar dinero a diestro y siniestro en parte sí que lo hace porque le gusta ayudar a la gente que se lo pide, pero sobre todo lo hace porque quiere que le quieran. ¿Y tan malo es esto? Luego hay un personaje genial, el mejor de la obra y el más divertido (aunque en la segunda parte se diluye un poco), que se llama Apemantus y que es un cínico amargado que no para de repetirle a Timón que todos los que le rodean son unos buitres aduladores. El problema de verdad viene cuando las cosas se tuercen. Es entonces cuando todos los presuntos amigos huirán en desbandada. Y el problema de verdad para la obra viene cuando Timón se convierte en un misántropo estúpido. Vale que con todo lo que le ha pasado lo más lógico sea que se convierta en un misántropo, pero no tanto que se convierte también en un estúpido cegato que odia a todo el mundo indiscriminadamente porque le han hecho una mala pasada. Creo que el principal problema es que culpa a todo el mundo menos a él, cuando también tiene motivos de sobra para hacerlo, porque fue él quién fue un confiado que se dejó saquear por una panda de trepas y de tontos. Es un personaje incapaz de analizarse y es por esto que a mí no puede dejar de parecerme un personaje demasiado plano. Y ningún personaje plano me parecerá nunca lo suficientemente trágico. Sin embargo, a pesar de un par de errores garrafales, todo está muy bien ejemplificado, bien escrito, pero cuando se termina la obra te preguntas "¿Y esto ha sido todo?" El argumento no da para tanto, y se estira y se alarga y se repite, pero no nos lleva nada lejos, no más lejos de lo que estábamos en las primeras páginas. Sin duda, lo mejor es el principio: te presenta la historia tan bien que sabes en seguida perfectamente por dónde va a tirar, y quizás sea éste el problema que todo es demasiado previsible. Y aunque muchas de las obras de Shakespeare puedan ser también previsibles, se valen de la riqueza de sus personajes, que aquí es casi inexistente. Como he dicho, Apemantus, que en la primera parte es un personaje genial, se convierte en alguien mucho más soso y pierde prácticamente todo su sarcasmo en la segunda parte. Está también el bufón, que sale no se sabe bien por qué, pero que es divertido. Y está Flavio, el mayordomo de Timón, que le es fiel hasta el final y que siempre conserva su dignidad. Pero no es suficiente. Aún así es un cuento moral muy majo.

  • David Sarkies
    2019-04-06 22:41

    The Folly of Buying Popularity17 February 2010 I don't think I have ever seen this play performed (well, I wouldn't have because being in Adelaide one tends to know what is being performed, and this never has) nor have any movies been made of it beyond the BBC Shakespeare productions. This does not mean that it is a bad play, it is simply not popular (though I have since seen a version that was produced by the National Theatre, and then released to cinemas world wide). The story is about a wealthy Athenian named Timon who loves being the centre of attention, and does this by throwing many extravagant parties and being very free and easy with his wealth. However, the catch is that he is only free and easy with his money towards the upper crust of Athenian society. He shows no care or interest in the poor. He only does what he does to be the centre of attention. It is not a question of having a desire to be loved (as King Lear does), he just believes that the only way to be accepted is to spend money, and the only way to make friends is to basically buy (or more precisely rent) them. He is the centre of attention right up to the time that the creditors begin to knock on his door and to demand that he repay his loans. By this time he is flat broke, and when he approaches his 'friends' none of them want to know him, let alone help him out. Thus, feeling rejected by his fellow Athenians, he leaves the city and becomes a hermit and hating humanity. Then, in his lair, he discovers a horde of treasure, and thus once again becomes wealthy, however he is caught up in his bitterness towards humanity, and turns from being a spend thrift to being a hoarder. It is at this time that the Athenians get into trouble with their enemies, and they send Alcibaides out to attempt to bring Timon back to Athens to help them fight the war, but Timon spurns them and ends up dying alone. Timon is a tragedy, and he is a tragic hero. He also has a tragic flaw that brings about his downfall, and that is his shallowness and unforgiving nature. Like most well made tragedies it is not the case that one is blameless, because Timon is far from it. Further, Timon does not exact any sympathy because he wasn't a philanthropist. He never used his money to help the poor, he used his money to live the highlife with the upper crust of society. When he leaves Athens, he leaves as a bitter man hating humanity. He does not forgive. One might point at the Athenians and blame them for Timon's situation, but Timon is the author of his own misfortune. While the Athenians do not deserve his help (and the setting suggests that the play occurs during the Peloponesian War) his spurning of the Athenians does not illicit much sympathy either, particularly since Alcibiades was the only person who actually stood up for him. Therefore, in dying alone one responds by saying that he only has himself to blame.

  • Esteban
    2019-03-31 18:32

    Otra de esas obras shakespearianas llenas de disonancias. Algunos críticos leen Timón como una sátira política. James I había sido coronado solo dos años antes; me parece muy poco tiempo como para haber hecho un juicio de carácter tan fuerte, pero después de pensarlo un poco encontré que esa interpretación tiene varios puntos a favor: En primer lugar, Timón no tiene dignidad trágica. Su generosidad es agresiva e inmadura. Es inevitable que provoque incomodidad e ingratitud. Mauss mencionaba en su Essai sur le don que dar es una obligación que requiere de ciertas habilidades. No es algo tan fácil de aprender, y Timón nunca se cuestiona a sí mismo por esa ignorancia. En cambio se amarga, y confunde su rencor con sabiduría.En segundo lugar, la obra es muy desprolija, cosa que en general se le atribuye a haber sido escrita en colaboración con Thomas Middleton. Por momentos parece una gran joda que no se animaron a presentar. Si uno no se deja engañar por las expectativas de lo que debería ser una tragedia es muy fácil encontrar la nota cómica en la furia de Timón contra sus presuntos deudores morales. La lectura satírica tiene otro mérito; la obra funciona como una meditación sobre el dinero y su relación con otras formas de intercambio, y la relación entre economía y carácter. Atenas es una sociedad de transición, entre dos formas predominantes de intercambio. Timón no entiende las finanzas, pero tampoco la reciprocidad heroica. Sería, además, el primero en ser aplastado en un proyecto colectivista. En un momento tiene un gesto que parecería ejemplificar el "baseline communism" de Graeber, pero en una conversación posterior con los señores atenienses demuestra que en realidad espera devoluciones sin saber ganárselas. Su fragilidad afectiva lo convierte en alguien económicamente inepto en todos los mundos posibles. No es casual que se trate de uno de los personajes más aislados de Shakespeare. Desgraciadamente, los demás aspectos de la obra no son tan sólidos como la caracterización. El final apresurado justifica la impresión general sobre Timón: un boceto prometedor abandonado por la mitad.

  • Toni
    2019-04-18 22:35

    Timon of Athens is one of Shakespeare’s least produced plays. I’ve never seen it. Most people I know haven’t—maybe because they don’t want to? Anyway, I read it and liked it and would like to watch it on stage. It’s a “problem” play and doesn’t fit neatly into any of the four standard categories of Shakespeare’s plays; i.e., Comedies, Tragedies, Histories, and Romances. Timon is a philanthropist’s philanthropist in the first three acts. He gives away gifts and money lavishly; in fact, I’d say compulsively (Someone should have sent him to a psychiatrist to get medication for it). Ignoring his steward’s advice to cut back, he ends up bankrupt and owing money. Though he’s helped many people out, none of them will help him when he needs it. He turns into a misanthropist’s misanthropist in acts four and five, and hates everyone showering curses and abuse as lavishly as he had formerly bestowed favors on everyone.According to Harold Bloom, Professor of Humanities at Yale and celebrated Shakespearean critic, there are four characters in this play who are more than “cartoon” characters: Timon; Flavius, his steward; Apemantus, a “churlish cynic;” and Alcibiades, a famous Athenian commander. “All the rest are sycophants, flatterers, and whores.” Bloom also praises one of Timon’s speeches spoken in the fourth act as a “hymn to syphilis” which “is unmatched and unmatchable.” So, there, you can see the play has its high points. (I love Harold Bloom—he is never dull.) I imagine that Bloom is correct “that the play stages better than it reads.” Someday, I hope to find out.

  • شیرین شکراللهی
    2019-04-06 23:40

    Each man to his stool, with that spur as he would to the lip of his mistress; your diet shall be in all places alike. Make not a city feast of it, to let the meat cool ere we can agree upon the first place: sit, sit. The gods require our thanks.—You great benefactors sprinkle our society with thankfulness. For your own gifts, make yourselves praised: but reserve still to give, lest your deities be despised. Lend to each man enough, that one need not lend to another; for, were your godheads to borrow of men, men would forsake the gods. Make the meat be beloved more than the man that gives it. Let no assembly of twenty be without a score of villains: if there sit twelve women at the table, let a dozen of them be as they are. The rest of your fees, O gods! the senators of Athens, to- gether with the common lag of people, what isamiss in them, you gods, make suitable for destruction. For these my present friends, as they are to me nothing, so in nothing bless them, and to nothing are they welcome.

  • Diana Long
    2019-04-04 21:37

    I listened to the Arkangel audio of the play along with reading the text from the Delphi Complete Works of William Shakespeare. In this play we meet Timon who is extremely generous with his friends giving gifts and lavish feasts...he bought his friends in other words. Needless to say the funds ran out and he found himself in debt being presented with bills he could not pay...looking for his friends for assistance they denied him. Alone and friendless he took up residence in a cave, found gold but became a recluse and an embittered sole who gave gold to those who wreck havoc on Athens. Not my favorite of the plays but the performers did a wonderful rendition and therefore it was quite entertaining.

  • O'Phylia
    2019-04-02 22:30

    Never take advantage of people: the person in question will go mad and the county will fall into ruin.

  • Esdaile
    2019-04-07 22:53

    By chance I began to read Timon of Athens again after such a long break that I cannot remember what it was like and therefore had put it on my "to read" list. Perhaps I was prompted by the fact that a production in modern dress is currently showing in London. At a second reading I am struck by the fact that it is rather a better play than its reputation allows. Of all plays attributed to Shakespeare I think none better than this one more completely confounds James Shapiro and all those like him, who argue that we should not attempt to discover Shakespeare's personal feelings or judgements in his plays and from that to go on to argue that personal experience, reflected in his plays, a biographical interpretation is an interpretation firmly rooted in, as I think Shapiro put it, "a modern prejudice". I find this assessment so divorced from reality as to make me wonder if those who hold it do not write with tongue in cheek. Writing is the sublimation of personal experience. Whoever wrote Shakespeare, we can be very sure that the person in question was obsessed by ingratitude, for ingratiude dominates his plays and unlike revenge or honour, was not a theme with which many or most playrwrites of the time were more concerned than any other. "How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is, to have a thankless child", and "blow blow thou Winter's wind thou art not so unkind as man's ingratitude" but it is this play, Timon of Athens, which is the consummation of something which must have gnawed at Shakespeare and which quite definitely was a festering sore in his life. It combines here with another Shakespearean streak, the melancholic, we would say today nihilistic: from Macbeth and Hamlet, here reached a sort of crazed climax. Timon curses life itself: "My long sickness of death and living now begins to mend and nothing brings me all things." Such bitterness and irony-how would that be for an epitaph. The cursing is bleak but memorable and superb. I especially like (and concur with!) Timon on doctors: "Trust not the physician; His antidotes are poison, and he slays Moe than you rob." That curse is borne out by the grim statsiotics of people who die or are crippled mby medication and doctors' blunders and false diagnoses. Was it not Molière who said someone died because he had too many doctors? This bitterness we also see in the character of Hamlet, Lear, MacBeth, Jacques, Malvolio. It found political expression in England in puritanism and the Puritan revolution, which in its more extreme form is little less than a rejection of life itself, at least life on earth. Our short life is a vale of tears and worse. However, Shakespeare does not expect us to admire or concur with Timon absolutely. Timon is a "noble spirit" driven mad by man's ingratitude. Apemantus, in my opinion quite rightly, observes about Timon, "The middle of humanity thou never knewest, but the extremity of both ends." As Pope I think said of the Duke of Buckingham, "so over violent or over civil, that every man to him was God or Devil". There has been a campaign begun I think in the USA, to make Middleton the writer of many plays attributed to Shakespeare. One editon on Goodreads offers an edition of the play written by co-authors Shakespeare and Middleton!. There is plenty to be said against the view but it should not be laughed out of court. The extreme puritanism mixed with prurient fascination for sin seems to me charcateristic of Thomas Middleton and there are several lines here which reminded me of Thomas Middleton and whoever wrote the Revenger's Tragedy. The last word has not been spoken on this. However, in my opinion the writers of the time were probably all much influenced by one another and this may account for many "collaborations". A final point: the dating of Shakespeare plays is also a subject on which the last word has not and probably never will be spoken. For what it is worth, this play gave me a strong sense of ending, departure, epitaph, summing up, albeit very bitter in the doing. In short, it strikes me as a play written by someone in their rapidly declining years, expecting death. That is the feeling which for me haunts the entire play but my feeling is only that, a strong instinctive feeling.

  • Liza Palmer
    2019-03-26 01:40

    Okay, so this one is a little rough. Some argue that this play is unfinished or a team-write with Thomas Middleton. Whatever the theory, everyone agrees that this play was probably not performed and is a mish/mash of ideas, unfinished scenes and characters from nowhere.That aside. Timon of Athens is a play about what would happen if a man - with no family, no partner, no parents, no kids - sees money as love. So giving gifts and charity and receiving are his reason for living. And it is his friends who he needs that validation from. So, when he loses all of his money and his friends abandon him? He... crumbles. He rages. He can't cope. Like Coriolanus, Timon is a character with one pure trait taken to the extreme. Coriolanus is HONOR and Timon is CHARITY. So, what happens when that's all someone is without any balance. The play is really a mess, but like most of Shakespeare (maybe Middleton?) there are some really beautiful lines and some cool ideas. The idea of misanthropy and the disillusionment of it. Flattery and false hearts. And the rage that overtakes someone when their addiction (in Timon's case - addiction to how good he feels when he gives) isn't fed. Timon has Gatsby qualities - but without the drive of Daisy (or the upper classes) respect/love. But, there is the similarity of money=love. But, unlike Gatsby, Timon has no agenda. Just needs that hit, although I do think he is (or thinks he is) morally grounded in what he's doing. here are some good quotes:"The middle of humanity though never knowst, but the extremity of both ends:" <-- I mean, how many people do we know that this describes. "Men shut their doors against a setting sun." "Being free itself, it thinks all others are so." <-- love this. The obliviousness of people just because their lives (their privilege) allows them a certain freedom? Awesome. "Nothing emboldens sin so much as mercy." At some point Flavius (the trusted servant and one person who actually cares for Timon, but Timon is like.. yeah but you, like, work for me, so... pfflt) Flavius says that Timon is speaking from his "distracted soul." I liked that. "distracted soul.""Such summer-birds are men..." <-- nice, right? This is when all his friends abandon him. Loved this imagery."Make the meat be beloved more than the man that gives it." Timon says this as he drops into madnessAnd finally as he realizes that he's utterly alone:"But myselfWho had the world as my confectionary,The mouths, the tongues, the eyes and hearts of menAt duty, more than I could frame employment,That numberless upon me stuck as leavesDo on the oak, have with one winter's brushFell from their boughs and left me open, bareFor every storm that blows."

  • Cody
    2019-04-09 23:37

    Timon of AthensWilliam ShakespeareRead through act 2 scene 2(all of act 2)Summary- Timon is a very generous man, he squanders his wealth (that he seemingly acquires by magical touch (no he doesn’t use his 5 finger discount)) on parties and gifts for his friends. Apemantus is a jerk but right when he says this life style will not suffice and it only gathers flatterers not friends. He refuses to accept payments for his gifts. His servant Flavius (Flay-va Flave!) tells him his wealth is diminishing, Timon ignores him. Finally Timon calls upon his “friends” for a loan, they refuse, he asks Ventidius (whom he bailed out of prison) for a loan who promptly declines. Timon has no moneys. Characters- each character plays a specific role, representing the usual basics, an enemy, an acquaintance, someone loyal (servant in this case). Most characters are important; Apemantus is clearly a character whose judgment and words will appear later. Alcibiades is definitely going to appear later. The characters are indeed believable, they each play their part and contribute to the story, nothing is unachievable (like a comic book (this is more like batman)).Themes- you can’t buy friendship, true friends are earned.Money is the root of all evil, he focuses on material gain, rather than lasting endeavors. Style- it’s a tragedy, literally. I’ve never been too good at deciphering or detecting literary devices. I did however find out that this is a subtle satire of England’s James 1. Woo- I did enjoy what I have read of the play, it is interesting and intriguing. I’m not much of a reader, but I happen to enjoy this particular piece. I actually want to read the Count of Monte Cristo now. Lines- “Men shut their doors against a setting sun” “I wonder men dare trust themselves with men” “Tis’ not enough to help the feeble up” I find these to be powerful, meaningful lines, especially the last one. (it’s very meaningful……….and powerful)

  • Ben
    2019-04-03 18:52

    This play reminded me of Dickens' "A Christmas Carol" or Frank Capra's "It's a Wonderful Life" . . . . only in reverse. Timon is a generous man who lives beyond his means. He feels blessed to have many friends, but, unlike George Bailey, when Timon calls on them they all abandon him in his time of need. Timon becomes in return a recluse, a misanthrope, a hater of humanity: "Timon will to the woods; where he shall find/The unkindest beast more kinder than mankind"; "I am Misanthropos, and hate mankind. For thy part, I do wish thou wert a dog,/That I might love thee something." It has some fine lines and fine writing (I especially got a kick out of some of Apemantus' lines of dialogue, so humorously bleak, not unlike A.A. Milne's Eeyore) and is a quality play about the baseness of mankind and the evils of money ("What a god's gold,/That he is worshipp'd in a baser temple/Than where swine feed!"). Not necessarily Shakespeare's finest work, but it is certainly a worthwhile read that ages well with the times.

  • Sally Ewan
    2019-04-05 20:26

    This was an odd play, for sure. Timon starts off happy and generous, but we know trouble is coming when he refuses to listen to his household manager who is trying to warn him about expenditures. Timon is so kind that he gives things away to everyone, but he runs out of money. Then when he tries to borrow some from his so-called friends, they refuse to help him. He ends up out in the wilderness eating roots and cursing mankind. Then he dies. And there's an odd subplot about Alcibiades turning against Athens.I was reminded of how much easier it is to understand things when you watch, rather than read, the play. In the scene where Timon and Apemantus are trading insults, I wondered if maybe this was supposed to be comic, but apparently it isn't! And I thought there might be a happier ending (no, not a wedding!), but there wasn't! So confusion reigned in this reader's mind. Not sure what the lesson is: neither a borrower nor a lender be, maybe?!!?

  • Kathie Harper
    2019-03-28 22:44

    This later play of Shakespeare's based upon a classical figure feels like a cautionary tale, even resonates like a Medieval morality play. Beware of a surfeit of money, does it corrupt or do people take advantage of someone like Timon who dispenses it at will and selflessly. According to Shakespeare, they do and then when Timon needs the favor returned, he is abandoned and discarded. He retreats to the forest, lives in a cave, and rails against his fellow man, becomes a misanthrope rather than a philanthropist. Sound familiar, like King Lear. This play was new to me but I relish seeing so many common threads throughout linking with some of his other plays. I'm almost done with reading all the plays and this is what keeps me reading, wondering, and delighting in the genius that was the Bard.

  • Cindy Rollins
    2019-04-09 22:40

    This is one of my least favorite plays. I am not sure why but maybe it is because I did not like the video we watched of it years ago. It was very true to the play with Timon wearing very few clothes. Once again, a lot is going on here and I did not read the play as well as I should have. It could have easily ended happily or at least positively, but instead it only ends in more bitterness. It is a cautionary tale, reminding me of the Bible passage about the unworthy servant who had his owner's clients write out lesser amounts on their bills so that he would have a place to go when he was let go. Timon was not quite as fortunate in his friends. Even when he finds a stash of gold it gives him no joy since he knows now that money cannot buy friends.

  • Dylan Grant
    2019-04-02 20:47

    A very obscure Shakespeare play, one of his strangest, and also without doubt one of his worst. Not everything Shakespeare wrote was pure gold, evidently. That makes sense though, he wrote 30-something plays, so it makes sense that at least one or two of them wouldn't be great. He's still a genius.The only really interesting scene is towards the very end, wherein the titular character and a cynic named Apemantus (modelled after Diogenes, no doubt) ruminate over the nature of Fortune. But all the build up to this scene isn't really worth it. Only recommended for the curious and for hardcore Shakespeare fans.

  • Eyehavenofilter
    2019-04-14 22:26

    In this collaboration with Middleton we see a different tone in a Shakespeare play as we watch in horror, a man fall from wealth and stature to poverty and wretchedness both in mind, heart and soul. Spending everything, his money and his friendships till he is nothing but a nasty vile shell of himself and finally dies. May The Lord have mercy on what ever soul left his body before he reached that state.

  • Alexander Rolfe
    2019-04-26 00:42

    The kids and I read this aloud, and we liked it mainly for the over-the-top vitriol of the speeches. We expected Apemantus to show up towards the end and tell us what to think about it all, but he didn't come back. We just sat there with Timon's discovery that everyone loved his money more than him, the single counterexample in his servant Flavius, and no resolution.

  • Mohamed Teka
    2019-04-04 19:51

    C'est ma première pièce de Shakespeare, l'histoire de Timon est attachante, mais elle est tellement courte qu'il me serait difficile d'en faire un synopsis sans aucun spoilers. Je vous donc invite à tenter cette pièce si comme moi vous n'avez pas lu Shakespeare auparavant, car moi j'ai pu dévorer ce bouquin en très peu temps et ça a m'a poussé à mettre trois autres de ses œuvres sur ma PAL